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Hypothyroidism and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Hypothyroidism is relatively a common disease worldwide. Overall prevalence in adults in the United States is 4.6%. (Golden et al., 2009) It can present as mild/subclinical form or overt hypothyroidism with a prevalence of 4.3% and 0.3% of adult populations, respectively....

Clinical review: humidifiers during non-invasive ventilation--key topics and practical implications

Inadequate gas conditioning during non-invasive ventilation (NIV) can impair the anatomy and function of nasal mucosa. The resulting symptoms may have a negative effect on patients' adherence to ventilatory treatment, especially for chronic use...

Practice of Humidification During Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation (NIV): Determinants of Humidification Strategies

Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has become a standard practice in the hospital and at home for several acute and chronic respiratory diseases. While the routine use of humidification in invasive ventilation has become a standard of care, there is no consensus or standard approach to guide the use of humidification in NIV...

The effect of one night of continuous positive airway pressure therapy on oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in hypertensive patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of one night of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation) levels and the antioxidant activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in hypertensive patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...

Comorbid insomnia in sleep-related breathing disorders: an under-recognized association

BACKGROUND: In the clinical practice of sleep medicine, the coexistence of common sleep disorders is not uncommon. Patients with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) may present with insomnia, and studies have shown that SDB is common among insomnia patients...

Metabolic, endocrine, and immune consequences of sleep deprivation

Over the last three to four decades, it has been observed that the average total hours of sleep have decreased to less than seven hours per person per night. Concomitantly, global figures relating to obesity and diabetes mellitus have increased in an alarming fashion in adults and children,...

Melatonin Antioxidative Defense: Therapeutical Implications for Aging and Neurodegenerative Processes

The pineal product melatonin has remarkable antioxidant properties. It is secreted during darkness and plays a key role in various physiological responses including regulation of circadian rhythms, sleep homeostasis, retinal neuromodulation, and vasomotor responses...

Sleep architecture of consolidated and split sleep due to the dawn (Fajr) prayer among Muslims and its impact on daytime sleepiness

Background: Muslims are required to wake up early to pray (Fajr) at dawn (approximately one and one-half hours before sunrise). Some Muslims wake up to pray Fajr and then sleep until it is time to work (split sleep), whereas others sleep continuously (consolidated sleep) until work time and pray Fajr upon awakening...

Sleep medicine: Present and future

Bahammam AS: Ann Thorac Med. 2012 Jul;7(3):113-4. doi: 10.4103/1817-1737.98841. PMID:22924066 [PubMed] PMCID:PMC3425040...

Managing acute respiratory decompensation in the morbidly obese

Morbid obesity adversely affects respiratory physiology, leading to reduced lung volumes, decreased lung compliance, ventilation perfusion mismatch, sleep-disordered breathing and the impairment of ventilatory control, and neurohormonal and neuromodulators of breathing...

 

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