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Sleep medicine: Present and future

Although sleep medicine is a relatively new specialty, it has evolved greatly over the past three decades. The introduction of positive airway pressure therapy as a noninvasive method to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in 1981 resulted in a significant increase in interest in sleep apnea and all sleep disorders in general. [1] Since then,...

Qur’anic insights into sleep

Sleep has preoccupied and fascinated many civilizations since the dawn of mankind. Here, we critically review the various elements pertaining to sleep in the context of early Islamic religion and culture. The many principles of sleep hygiene, wellbeing and health associated with adequate sleep,...

Sodium oxybate for narcolepsy with cataplexy: systematic review and meta-analysis

Electronic databases (e.g., MEDLINE) and references of included studies were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy and safety of SXB for patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy. Risk of bias was appraised using the Cochrane risk of bias tool...

The relationship between sleep and wake habits and academic performance in medical students: a cross-sectional study

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the sleep/wake habits and the academic performance of medical students is insufficiently addressed in the literature. This study aimed to assess the relationship between sleep habits and sleep duration with academic performance in medical students...

The prevalence of restless legs syndrome in adult Saudis attending primary health care.

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of restless leg syndrome (RLS) among patients attending primary health care (PHC) facilities....

The High Prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome Symptoms in Liver Disease in an Academic-Based Hepatology Practice

Study Objectives: Survey-based epidemiologic studies suggest that restless legs syndrome (RLS) affects approximately 10% of the general population and can cause significantly reduced quality of life due to sleep disturbance. This condition is more prevalent in certain disease states, such as...

Humidification during CPAP titration: an unresolved issue

Esquinas AM, Bahammam AS.:Comment in Author response to "humidification during CPAP titration: an unresolved issue". [Sleep Breath. 2013], Comment on The effects of heated humidifier in continuous positive airway pressure titration. [Sleep Breath. 2013]...

Clinical and polysomnographic characteristics and response to continuous positive airway pressure therapy in obstructive sleep apnea patients with nightmares

OBJECTIVE: To assess the characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with nightmares and the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on nightmares...

Eosinophils Induce Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation

Asthma is characterized by eosinophilic airway inflammation and remodeling of the airway wall. Features of airway remodeling include increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass. However, little is known about the interaction between inflammatory eosinophils and ASM cells...

Sleep and circadian rhythm dysregulation in schizophrenia

Sleep-onset and maintenance insomnia is a common symptom in schizophrenic patients regardless of either their medication status (drug-naive or previously treated) or the phase of the clinical course (acute or chronic). Regarding sleep architecture, the majority of studies indicate that non-rapid eye movement (NREM),...

 

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